Many women of childbearing age do not take into consideration the importance of menstruation, if it is regular, if the cycle is of the same period (27, 28, 29 days or more). However, not only the frequency and duration of the discharge, but also its nature is of great importance.
Health of a woman of childbearing age depends on her menstrual cycle. Any slight deviation from the relative standards can be interpreted as a normal fact as well as a pathological phenomenon, which can be diagnosed as a disorder or disease.
Menstruation is characterized by many factors: on its regularity, the duration of the cycle, intensity of bleeding, color selections before and after menstruation, whether there is pain during menstruation or not, whether a woman suffers from premenstrual syndrome or not, whether she has brown, bloody, yellowish discharge in the middle of the cycle and so on.
How can a woman understand why light periods become dark and what are the reasons for this change? Is this some kind of pathology? What should be done? Of course, the woman has to seek an answer from her gynecologist. There may be held special tests and analyses.
You will find the necessary information in this article. Learn more about all the possible causes of the really light period of girls, young women and women in the period before menopause.
Hypomenorrhea Is a Menstrual Dysfunction
The abnormally light period – or Hypomenorrhea – is one of the menstrual dysfunction. However, there can be different reasons for the lighter period depending on the woman's age. This discharge is not only abnormal, but also completely physiological.
This occurs in the early days of menstruation of women in adolescence, when the first period, menarche, has already passed, but the cycle has not been established definitively. The girl has left a year to establish a cycle during which, menses can be not only light, small volume – less than 50 ml, but also to be rare, for example, type opsomenorrhea, when the cycle is extended to 5-8 weeks; menses can be short, and last at least two days (oligomenorrhea). Menstruation can even be extremely rare (spaniomenorrhea) – only 2 - 4 times a year.
But all these violations must necessarily disappear after one year from the date of the first missed period. If this does not happen, and the cycle will be irregular, acyclic, then we can talk about the pathology of menstrual function. Scant menstruation, in a completely physiological sense, may be in the waning fertility of women called premenopausal. This period is preceded by a complete cessation of menstruation – menopause and commonly lasts for 2 years.
It should be said that not each woman suffer from this condition. Besides, you cannot exclude the presence of pathological Hypomenorrhea, for various reasons. An abnormally light period, for ease of diagnosis, is divided into: primary Hypomenorrhea, when, in fact, no one normal menstrual period happens. This is observed in adolescent girls.
The secondary Hypomenorrhea happens when menstruation has been absolutely normal for some time, and then there happens the impoverishment.
Symptoms of Abnormally Light Period
Manifestations of Hypomenorrhea are insignificant and so many women do not even know that they have this illness. The main and, perhaps, the only symptom is a decrease in the amount of discharge to the menstrual blood to 50 ml.
Secretions may look like drops of bright red underwear on, or spotting traces of dark brown, muddy red. Hypomenorrhea is like other forms of abnormal menstruation, may be accompanied by malaise, malaise, headaches, even chest pain.
It can also cause nausea, vomiting and spasms in the abdomen area; nosebleeds varying intensity, mental disorders as well as other neurological problems. But the most common symptoms of Hypomenorrhea are abdominal pain. It is of quite intense, spastic character, as if twisting; it can be the pain, usually bilateral, as well as decreased libido that occurs due to the fall of estrogen levels in the blood.
The reasons for the establishment of specific reasons of unusually light period (development of Hypomenorrhea) can be diagnosed by a specialist only. It also depends in the form of the illness – primary or secondary. The emergence of the primary Hypomenorrhea is associated with congenital anomalies of development, including the sexual organs, various mental retardation.
Girls of this age often suffer from extreme weight loss, there cases of critically small mass of the body. It is because of the level of such hormones as estrogen (deposited in the adipose tissue). This is about the primary form. What about the secondary, there are even more factors of manifestation.
If you talk about mechanical factors, it is the presence of a pathological narrowing of the cervix, which simply does not pass blood in the vagina, as well as the preceding injuries and operations on the pelvic organs, including the genitals.
Another group of reasons – the development of endometrial inferiority decreases its area after surgical removal of part of the uterus, or by reducing the amount of hormone receptor on its surface with excessive scraping, or prolonged and severe inflammatory processes occurring.
Another reason is the large group of diseases of the endocrine system, and, consequently, a violation of the hormonal regulation of the menstrual function.
Changes in weight are the primary cause of Hypomenorrhea form, as they can be safely attributed to these reasons as well as stress, emotional stress and lack of vitamins in the food consumed. To a large extent to the impoverishment of menstruation can cause a woman and use of oral contraceptives.
Treatment in any form of Hypomenorrhea is needed. A woman has to seek help from the obstetrician-gynecologist. Even if a woman is confident in the cause of the meager monthly, and believes that she can cope with the problem on her own, it is strongly recommended not to start self-treatment and contact a specialist to make sure that she’ll do no harm to her body.
A doctor will restore the cycle by conducting additional diagnostics and analyses. Hypomenorrhea treatment is to remove the reasons which have caused it. Many women try to restore the menstrual cycle with the use of synthetic hormones that have a lot of side effects. Therefore, doctors recommend the use of natural products that could be taken without harm to the body in a relatively short time to fully normalize cycle.
For example, a combined preparation "Time Factor", which combines herbal, extracts of phytohormonal action, vitamins and minerals; it not just politely normalizes the different phases of the menstrual cycle, but also improves mood, alleviates the symptoms of PMS and supports well-being and performance.
The light period after childbirth is common in women. The menses are light if the mother, for whatever reason, does not breastfeed her baby. Then start month after 6-8 weeks, and often they can be either physiologically abundant or not regular, and the first period following delivery may be in the form of brown precipitates.
After pregnancy and childbirth the body does not have time to rebuild and hormones for several menstrual cycles gradually returning to normal. Sometimes, even in some women during lactation it can restore the menstrual cycle, especially when the baby goes to the lure.
Prolactin responsible for lactation is not produced; it leads to the occurrence of ovulation and menstruation in women. The advent of meager monthly after delivery for several cycles is a variant of the norm, but if it becomes permanent, it is a cause for concern as it may indicate an exacerbation of chronic gynecological diseases or be a consequence of other disorders in the body.
Any intrauterine intervention like abortion (complications), diagnostic curettage, removal of polyps, etc. can be the cause of the light period, because such interference violates the hormonal balance and lead to inferiority of endometrium.
If in addition to violations of the menstrual cycle, after scraping appears as an unpleasant odor, pain, fever, a woman should see a doctor immediately, as it could be because the inflammatory process because of failed surgical procedure, not the complete removal of the fetal membranes and the potential infectious and inflammatory process that started after an abortion or dilatation and curettage.